Getting regular dental check ups every six months is important because between 74-85% of Americans suffer some degree of gum disease but less than half are aware of it. Gums disease affects the whole body and not just your mouth.
What Is Gingivitis ?
Gingivitis is a mild case of gum disease and is reversible if treated in time. Gingivitis is caused by plaque buildup around the teeth and inside the gums, which causes inflammation. Plaque contains bacteria and the toxins they release cause the gum inflammation. Brushing and flossing daily will help keep plaque levels in check. The most important part of the fight against gum disease is your Biannual dental cleaning, this is when the dentist or hygienist can remove the stubborn supra gingival plaque. In most patient plaque tends to build up around the lower front teeth and the upper far back teeth these, areas should be focused on in your daily oral health routine.
What Is Periodontitis ?
Periodontitis is an advance case of gingivitis when you started to loss the underlying tissue that supports the tooth such as bone, ligaments and the attachment between your teeth and gums. There are several severities of periodontitis moderate, advanced and severe periodontitis.
- Moderate Periodontitis: Is when the inflammation has caused bone loss due to disease of the gums which is caused by bacteria and pockets depth range from 4-5mm can be accompanied by bleeding when brushing or flossing.
- Advanced Periodontitis: Is when the inflammation of the gum has caused more destruction of your bone with some tooth mobility and probing depths 6-9mm will be accompanied with bleeding of the gums.
- Severe Periodontitis: This is the most advanced case of gum disease when the teeth are movable with your tongue or finger, sometimes pus around the teeth, with pockets ranging from 9mm and higher.
How To Treat Gingivitis and Periodontitis?
If the dental exam reveals that you have gingivitis or moderate periodontitis, at Bright Smile Design Dental there are several non-surgical techniques.
- Antibiotics both topical and oral : Arestin is applied and the gums can heal, tightening around the teeth.
- Dental Cleaning: Cleans the staining and above the gum build up of plaque and calculus.
- Scaling and Root Planning: Sometimes referred to as a deep cleaning because it requires removal of plaque and calculus from below the gum line. Numbing medication can be used for this procedure
- Laser Gum Scaling: Regular scaling is done and then a laser is used to disinfect the gum tissue in order to kill the bacteria that is causing the gum disease.
If the exam reveals advanced or severe periodontitis then LANAP® is the treatment of choice by Dr Alexander Lezhansky DDS.
- LANAP® has show the best result compared to treatment by traditional Gum Surgery.
After any gum treatment whether it be surgical or non surgical a three month Maintenance program is designed to prevent periodontal disease from recurring.
Signs and Symptoms Of Gingivitis and Periodontitis
- Bleeding gums – Healthy gums don’t bleed, bleeding is most commonly a sign of a problem.
- Loose teeth – caused by bone loss due to inflammation not allowing the bone to regenerate.
- New spacing between teeth – Caused by bone loss.
- Persistent bad breath – Caused by bacteria in the mouth.
- Pus – Sign that there is a bacterial infection present.
- Red and puffy gums – Healthy gums are pink and firm.
- Tenderness or Discomfort – Plaque, calculus, and bacteria irritate the gums and teeth.
Cost Of Gum Treatment.
The cost of Gum treatment can cost $120 to over $6000 depending of the severity of the condition, and procedure that need to be done. Call Dr Lezhansky for your periodontal consultation.